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Green light for offshore wind energy

According to the specialists, the Baltic Sea seems to be the promised land for offshore wind farms. The Polish National Energy Policy project, presented and sent for public consultation by the Ministry of Energy at the end of November this year until 2040, may to a large extent facilitate the process for our country to become one of the big players in European offshore (PEP2040). It confirms the Ministry’s previous announcements associated with the development of offshore wind energy, which is treated in this document as an essential component of renewable energy sources in the future energy mix of Poland.

The minimum heat capacity installed in offshore wind farms in PEP2040 by 2030 is from 5 to 6 GW. According to the project, the capacity of offshore wind farms is to increase by 1.2 GW per year and amount to 10.4 GW in 2040, which means the production of 44.1 TWh of energy. In the Polish economic zone, wind farms are to be put into use after 2025, when the first projects with connection agreements will be performed by Polenergia together with the Norwegian Equinor (1.2 GW) and PGE (1 GW). The project of PKN Orlen (1.2 MW) and Baltic Trade and Invest (350 MW) is also expected.

The implementation of announcements and establishment of connection rules for farms remains crucial, especially due to the fact that a nuclear power plant is to be built by the sea. The long-announced law, strictly related to offshore, is to be developed next year.

“Offshore wind energy may be one of the key technologies for Poland; it may become our national speciality,” says Joanna Mackowiak-Pandera, the president of the Energy Forum, which is the author of the report entitled “Offshore energy. Downwind or upwind?”

The Forum estimates that at 8-10 GW of capacity from offshore wind farms, it would be possible to reduce the current CO2 emissions by 25%. According to the report, the development of offshore wind energy, in addition to the reduction of harmful compounds, will improve energy security, diversify the energy mix, increase system reliability by expanding and strengthening the power grid in the northern part of the country, and will give impetus to the development of domestic industry and creation of new jobs. According to the authors of the study, it is necessary to create conditions for investors and develop a detailed program for the development of offshore energy.

The authors of the report recommend making a decision on the development of offshore wind energy in order to launch the first power plants before 2030. It indicates that it would be necessary to shorten the time of putting them into use by accelerating the process of obtaining required permits by investors. It also recommends strengthening and expanding high-voltage transmission lines in the north of the country and strengthening international cooperation in the Baltic Sea region.

In connection with PEP2040, the Polish Offshore Wind Energy Society submitted an application to the maritime administration to increase the area for the location of offshore wind farms in the Baltic Sea to 2.7 thousand km². In the opinion of Mariusz Witonski, the president of PTMEW, if it is earmarked for the construction of offshore wind farms, it should be sufficient to implement projects with a capacity of up to
10 GW (the project of the development plan of Polish marine areas provided for the allocation of about 2 thousand km² for offshore wind farms, which would allow for the construction of only 6 GW farms).

Article developed in cooperation with "Namiary na Morze i Handel" magazine.

phot. Namiary na Morze i Handel

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