pomorski park naukowo- technologiczny gdynia
Aleja Zwycięstwa 96/98
Via Carpatia is an European project that is currently being executed, which originated due to Poland’s initiative over 10 years ago and is currently strongly promoted as part of the widely understood strategical conception of the Three Seas Initiative. The route, usually motorways or expressways in their whole length, will be built in stages on the north-south line, linking Klaipeda in Lithuania with Saloniki in Greece, so a Lithuanian maritime port with Greek port by the Aegean Sea. The longitudinally situated transport axis will go through 7 countries:, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece - from Klaipeda through Kowno, Białystok, Lublin, Rzeszów, Koszyce, Debreczyn and further to Romania, where it is split in the direction of Konstanca maritime port and further leads from Bulgaria to Sofia, with a split towards Svilengrad on the border between Bulgaria and Turkey, and then through Bulgaria to Greek ports by the Aegean Sea (Saloniki). People who design this transport route leading along the Eastern border of the European Union assume that it will add to territorial, spatial and economic integration of countries and regions through which it is to go through and will support the construction of closer political relationships between countries in this part of Europe.
But the concept of creating the Via Carpatia corridor on the route Klaipeda-Saloniki from the start poses a number of questions and doubts of circles connected with the maritime transport, forwarding and logistics sector in Poland – mainly those related to eastern coastline. The construction of such road connection may lead to a loss of
a significant support of Polish ports – Gdańsk and Gdynia, which is the eastern region of Poland. Thanks to such a connection, and taking into account current division of commodity weight, and very weak (for European standards) communication of this region with Pomerania and ports of Tricity, it will be connected with the port in Klaipeda and shall become its natural transit support place, such as Belarus and big part of northern Ukraine.
“It is clear, especially taking into account a significant part played by road transport in transport handling of Baltic ports. “Moreover, the transport and logistics relations of central and north-eastern regions of Poland with the port in Klaipeda may significantly become closer thanks to an expansion of TEN-T North Sea-Baltic Sea base network corridor, on the route of which a Via Baltica transport axis is located, which is important for Baltic countries. Via Carpatia currently strengthens these relations in this route (a synergy effect), changing currently applicable availability standards of eastern regions of Poland to ports of Gdańsk and Gdynia in relation to port in Klaipeda, which is in competition with them,” thinks professor Andrzej S. Grzelakowski, Ph.D. from the Maritime Academy in Gdynia.
As prof. Grzelakowski adds, “sower of the European value of this transport corridor will be Poland, and the results will benefit mainly Lithuania – port in Klaipeda, to which this value shall be transferred, as well as Konstanca and Saloniki.”
Concept concerning the construction of Via Carpatia route shall be one of the subjects of the Maritime Logistics panel during the Maritime Economy Forum Gdynia 2018.
Article developed in cooperation with "Namiary na Morze i Handel" magazine.
Phot. source: Namiary na Morze i Handel magazine